Epivir HBV (100 mg)
The generic name of Epivir HBV is Lamivudine. It is a synthetic analogue of nucleoside with working action against HBV. The molecular formula is C8H11N3O3S and the molar mass of 229.3. Epivir HBV tablets are meant for oral administration. 100 mg of lamivudine is present in each tablet. The inactive ingredients in Epivir HBV tablets are red iron oxide, microcrystalline cellulose, hypromellose, macrogol 400, sodium starch glycolate, yellow iron oxide and titanium dioxide.
This medicine is indicated for the treatment of hepatitis B infection. It neither cures hepatitis B nor prevents the transmission of Hepatitis B to other individuals. This medicine is a NRTI (Nucleoside Reverse transcriptase inhibitor) which works by reducing the growth of the virus. Therefore the liver damage caused by this virus is reduced.
How to Use
Take lamivudine-HBV orally with/without food, generally one time daily or as instructed by the doctor. This medicine should be used regularly to gain the maximum advantage from it. This drug works efficiently when the drug quantity is maintained at a constant level. The dosage is predicated on the basis of your response to treatment and medical condition.
Vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, infections of throat/ear/nose or fatigue may occur. If these symptoms worsen or persist, inform your pharmacist immediately. Remember that you have been prescribed this drug by your doctor because he/she has determined that the advantage to you is greater than the dangerous side effects. Notify your doctor promptly if you have observed these rare but adverse side effects: vomiting, persistent nausea, dark urine, stomach pain, mood swings, muscle pain, mental changes, rapid/deep breathing, numbness/ tingling in feet or hands, drowsiness, yellowing of skin or eyes, joint pain. A very serious hypersensitivity to this medicine is unlikely, but get instant medical aid if it occurs. Symptoms of hypersensitivity are: itching, skin rashes, swelling in face, throat or tongue, trouble breathing, dizziness. This list does not completely describe the possible aftereffects. If you observe any other side effects, then contact the doctor.
Before using lamivudine-HBV, let your doctor know if you have allergies. This medicine should not be consumed during some specific medical conditions. Before the use of this drug, talk to your pharmacist or doctor if you are suffering from pancreatitis. Tell your doctor your anamnesis, particularly of: liver disorder, HIV infection, blood disorders or kidney disease. This medicine may cause drowsiness or dizziness. Avoid driving or operating heavy machinery that needs alertness. Do not take alcoholic drinks. The liquid suspension of epivir-HBV contains sucrose (sugar). Monitor your glucose level during the use of this medicine if you are diabetic. As people get old, the function of the kidney declines. Your kidney removes this drug from your body. Therefore, old people may be at a higher risk of aftereffects during the intake of this medicine.
Pregnancy and Epivir-HBV
Use this medicine during pregnancy only if clearly required. This medicine may be excreted into the maternal milk and cause unwanted effects on the nursing baby.